Dominica, officially the Commonwealth of Dominica, is an island country in the Lesser Antilles region of the Caribbean Sea with an area of 751 km². Its capital is Roseau and the population is 72,301 at the 2014 census. The official language of Dominica is English while the most dominant religion is Roman Catholicism. The currency used in Dominica is the Eastern Caribbean Dollar, which has been pegged to the US Dollar at the rate of USD1= XCD 2.7169 since 1977. Dominica’s local time is 9 hours behind Beijing time.
Dominica is known as the ‘Nature Island of the Caribbean’ due to its wide variety wild animals and plants, and its extensive natural park system. Its climate is tropical and most of its terrains are rugged. Many of its islands are covered by rainforest. It is also a popular location for hiking, scuba diving and whale watching.
Dominica is a parliamentary democracy since 1979. The president is the head of state, while executive power rests with the cabinet, headed by the prime minister. It is a member of Caribbean Community (CARICOM), the Commonwealth of Nations, the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS), the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB), the United Nations, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and the Organization of American States (OAS).
Dominica’s main exports are agricultural products, which include coffee, cocoa, bananas, citrus fruits and tropical fruits. Manufactured products for export include rum, timber and soap. Tourism and agriculture are important drivers of the country’s economy.