Antigua and Barbuda is a twin island state in the Central America, lying between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean. It is located in south of the French Guadeloupe, southwest close to the British Mongolian Island, and west of St. Kitts and Nevis. The population of Antigua and Barbuda in 2011 estimated by Census was 87,900 and the vast majority is African. English is the official and commercial language and the dominant religion is Christianity. The local time is 9 hours behind Beijing time.
Antigua and Barbuda consists of a number of islands. The largest island Antigua (about 281 square kilometers) is a limestone island with flat terrain and Barbuda (161 square kilometers) is a coral island. The islands are low elevations and the highest point of the country Mount Obama with an elevation of about only 402 meters. Antigua and Barbuda is a tropical steppe climate with an average temperature of 27 °C and average rainfall of 1100 mm per year.
Elizabeth II is the present Queen of Antigua and Barbuda, having served in that position since the islands’ independence from the United Kingdom in 1981. It remains a member of the Commonwealth. The parliament of Antigua and Barbuda consists of two chambers, elected from single-member constituencies for up to five year, but the Prime Minister may call new election in any other time.
Antigua and Barbuda’s economy relies on tourism and a number of light industries which produce a range of products such as handicrafts and electrical components.